Genitourinary Cancers

Initial results of the ASSURE study prove surprising and disappointing.
Almost 50% of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) had objective responses to third-line treatment with the angiogenesis inhibitor pazopanib, according to the results from a small clinical trial reported at the 2014 American Association for Cancer Research annual meeting.
Younger, thinner, nondiabetic men were more likely to gain weight on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) than older men with comorbidities.
The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project now includes a recently reported comprehensive molecular characterization of muscle-invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma.
Use of angiotensin system inhibitors (ASIs) improved survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) by 9 months compared with patients not taking any of these agents...
Many molecularly targeted agents that inhibit different pathways of hepatocarcinogenesis are under clinical development, and novel targets are being assessed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). These efforts were described by Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, at the 2014 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.
Enzalutamide prolonged survival and delayed radiographic progression of disease in men who had not received chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), according to complete results from the phase 3 PREVAIL trial.
Immunotherapy with ipilimumab improved progression-free survival (PFS) and prostate-specific antigen response compared with placebo, but improvement in overall survival (OS) failed to reach statistical significance in postdocetaxel metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). These results of a randomized phase 3 trial (CA184-043) were presented at the 2014 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.
Many molecularly targeted agents that inhibit different pathways of hepatocarcinogenesis are under clinical development, and novel targets are being assessed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
The rate of therapy for localized prostate cancer does not increase in markets with higher penetration of robotic surgical technology and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), according to an examination of trends using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database.
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