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Gastrointestinal Cancers

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), also known as carcinoids and islet-cell tumors, are tumors of the neuroendocrine cells that occur in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. GEP-NETs are heterogeneous and complex. Although relatively rare, GEP-NETs are more common than other tumors of the GI tract, including stomach and pancreatic carcinomas combined.
Patients who undergo gastrectomy are at high risk for poor bone health and vitamin D deficiency and should be assessed and treated for this, according to researchers from Australia who described these issues at the 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.
Although immunotherapy drugs targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) have proved to be effective in patients with melanoma and lung cancer, new data from 2 recent studies suggest that these drugs may also be effective in patients with certain gastrointestinal cancers.

Patients with gastric or gastroesophageal cancer commonly experience long-term complications from treatment that compromise their quality of life (QOL), according to self-reported answers to an Internet-based survey questionnaire. Difficulty swallowing appears to be universal, and other problems range from dry mouth and taste changes to cardiovascular disease, according to a study presented at the 2012 American Society of Clinical Oncology Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium held in San Francisco, California.

Case Presentation
Chief complaint: Abdominal pain and weight loss for 3 months.


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