Rearrangement during transfection (RET) fusions can result in gain- or loss-of-function mutations and unchecked cellular proliferation. Although RET fusions are present in only a small percentage of cases of non–small-cell lung cancer, evidence shows they may be meaningful drug targets.
There are several oncogenic driver mutations that are actionable for treatment in cases of NSCLC. Evidence has shown that molecularly targeted approaches can result in positive outcomes for patients with NSCLC, underscoring the importance of research into biomarker testing and molecular profiling.
Although researchers have made great advances in NSCLC screening, diagnosis, and treatment, there remain several areas of unmet need, including the development of individual risk-based screening criteria, research into optimal biopsy types for molecular profiling, and greater focus on effective side-effect management plans for patients on multimedication regimens.
Updated results of the phase 3 CASPIAN clinical trial continue to show that durvalumab (Imfinzi) added to standard chemotherapy improves overall survival (OS) for patients with treatment-naïve extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC), according to a presentation at the ASCO 2020 virtual annual meeting.
On June 15, 2020, the FDA accelerated the approval of lurbinectedin (Zepzelca; Jazz Pharma/Pharma Mar), an intravenous alkylating drug, for the treatment of adults with metastatic small-cell lung cancer that has progressed during or after platinum-based chemotherapy. The FDA granted lurbinectedin an orphan drug designation for this indication.
On May 29, 2020, the FDA approved ramucirumab (Cyramza; Eli Lilly) in combination with erlotinib (Tarceva) for first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L858R) mutations. Ramucirumab was previously approved for several types of cancer, including, in combination with docetaxel, for metastatic NSCLC, after platinum-based chemotherapy.
Opdivo plus Yervoy and Chemotherapy Approved as First-Line Therapy for Metastatic NSCLC, Regardless of PD-L1 Expression
On May 26, 2020, the FDA approved nivolumab (Opdivo; BMS) and ipilimumab (Yervoy; BMS) plus chemotherapy as first-line treatment of recurrent or metastatic squamous or nonsquamous non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), regardless of PD-L1 expression, and with no EGFR or ALK aberrations. On May 15, the FDA approved nivolumab plus ipilimumab as first-line treatment of metastatic NSCLC with PD-L1 ≥1% expression.
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Results 1 - 10 of 79
Results 1 - 10 of 79