The National Comprehensive Cancer Network’s first guideline for the management of side effects from immunotherapy recognizes “a new spectrum of adverse events” in patients who are receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, said John A. Thompson, MD.
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has had excellent results in late-stage leukemia and varying degrees of success in some other hematologic cancers, but thus far, solid tumors have not responded to this therapy.
The FDA granted accelerated approval to nivolumab based on a notable clinical benefit in a subset of patients who progressed after receiving the standard first-line chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.
“The combination of atezolizumab and cobimetinib represents the first potential immune-modifying combination for patients with microsatellite stable metastatic colorectal cancer,” said Johanna C. Bendell, MD, at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.
As the number of patients receiving immune checkpoint blockade grows, the combination of radiation and immunotherapy has become increasingly relevant, particularly in the palliative care setting, where radiation therapy is used to treat painful lesions or brain metastases.
Adding the investigational drug indoximod, an indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) pathway inhibitor, to the checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab led to higher response rates in patients with advanced melanoma than what is reported with pembrolizumab monotherapy,